Stocks finished a down week with modest gains on Friday as investors gauged the fallout from a massive earthquake that struck off the coast of Japan and triggered tsunami waves from Asia to California.
The prospect of falling oil demand from Japan sent crude oil prices down to $101 a barrel. Industrial and materials companies rose on expectations that they will benefit from Japan’s rebuilding efforts.
One day after its biggest fall since August, the Dow Jones industrial average gained 59.79 points, or 0.5 per cent, to 12,044.40. The S&P 500 rose 9.17, or 0.7 per cent, to 1,304.28. The Nasdaq composite gained 14.59, or 0.5 per cent, to 2,715.61.
In addition to the earthquake, oil prices fell after a scheduled day of protests in Saudi Arabia only drew a few hundred people, and the capital remained quiet. Oil traders have been worried the violence in the Middle East and North Africa would spread to the world’s No 1 oil exporter.
“The market is going to be see-sawing back and forth” until the long-term effects of the unrest in the Middle East and the disaster in Japan become clear, said Anthony Chan, chief economist for J.P. Morgan Wealth Management.
The earthquake and oil protests largely overshadowed a report from the Commerce Department that retail sales rose one per cent in February, the biggest gain in four months and more than the 0.8 per cent analysts had expected. Shoppers laid out more cash for cars, clothing and gadgets in February, leading to an eighth month of gains.
Despite Fridays’ gains, each index finished the week lower. The Dow fell one per cent, while the broader S&P index lost 1.3 per cent.
Stocks fell sharply Thursday on weak economic news from China, the US and Spain combined with a slump in oil company shares. The Dow Jones industrial average had its biggest drop since August 11. Other than several large swings in the past month, stocks have been climbing steadily since September.
“It could be time for a well-deserved rest,” said Ryan Detrick, senior technical strategist for Schaeffer’s Investment Research.
“The markets had a spectacular six-month rally and now they’re showing some slight cracks.”
The quake caused a selloff in global stock markets, led by sharp drops in insurance companies. Japan’s Nikkei closed down 1.7 per cent. The yen remained stable, however, because it is seen as a relatively safe investment for international traders.
The yield on the 10-year US treasury note rose to 3.40 per cent from 3.37 per cent late Thursday.
Two stocks rose for every one that fell on the New York Stock Exchange. Volume came to 920 million shares.
Key overseas finance markers
According to the latest data from New York, when markets settled on Friday, the Dow Jones Industrial Average was UP 59.79 points at 12,044.4, while the Standard & Poor’s 500 index was 9.17 points higher at 1,304.28.
The NASDAQ Composite index was UP 14.59 points at 2,715.61.
On Monday morning, the Australian dollar is at 101.41 US cents, UP from 100.19 US cents at Friday’s local close.
The local currency is worth 82.815 Japanese yen and 72.63 euro cents.
It is trading at 63.02 British pence and 1.365 New Zealand dollars.
Benchmark crude oil is DOWN $1.54 at $US101.16 per barrel.
In Australia on Friday, the benchmark S&P/ASX200 index fell 54.9 points to 4,644.8 points, while the broader All Ordinaries index was DOWN 56.5 points at 4,734.8 points.
The spot price of gold is $US1,418.70, UP $5.09 from $US1,413.61 at close on Friday.